The Lake District – a land sculpted by water and ice. Located in northwest England, and is a mountainous area, whose valleys have been sculpted by glaciers in the Ice Age and latterly shaped by an agricultural land-use system delineated by fields enclosed by dry-stone walls. This combined work of nature and human activity has produced a balanced landscape in which the mountains are mirrored in the flat, calm lakes and tarns. This landscape was greatly appreciated from the 18th century onwards by the Picturesque and later Romantic movements, which celebrated it in paintings, drawings and words. Around this time, grand houses, gardens and parks have been explicitly created to enhance the landscape’s beauty. It also inspired an awareness of the importance of beautiful landscapes and triggered early efforts to preserve them by the likes of resident authors such as Beatrix Potter.